West Wimmera Mail & Natimuk & Goroke Advertiser

[updated 27 May 2003]

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - January 8, 1915

Land Sales
Messrs. YOUNG Bros., Horsham, Nhill, Hamilton and branches, report having sold on account Union Trustee Co. Ltd., Collins street, Melbourne, in Estate late Arthur COMPSTON, Goroke, 606 acres, to Mrs. M. J. COMPSTON, and their total sales for the year ending 31, 1914 were - 56,516 acres for 250,682 and leased 100,676 acres.

An exciting bolt, fortunately unattended with serious results, happened in Natimuk one day last week. Mr. Anton SUDHOLZ's waggon team, in charge of Leslie LEITH, were standing in front of Messrs. RATCLIFFE's store when a horrifying motor bike set them going. The driver turned them down Station Street around the corner past the mill, and into Main Street past Mr. KUBALE's. The horses, as they turned up the hill towards the school, were galloping as fast as they could. The rattle of the waggon could be heard a mile away. It was feared, considering the rate the animals disappeared around the school corner, that a dreadful accident might happen at the bridge crossing the creek. The approach to this bridge from the school lane is very dangerous because of the acuteness of the turn around the wing fence. That no accident occurred was due to the cleverness of the driver, who guided the horses coolly and with great precision in very awkward places.

Wedding Bells - BURNS -- COLLINS
On Christmas eve in St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Minimay, Miss Julia H. COLLINS, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. COLLINS, late of Minimay, but now of Clunes, and Mr. Bathurst M. BURNS, son of Mrs. T. BRAY, of Lemon Springs, were united in the holy bonds of matrimony, in the presence of a few friends and relatives. The Rev. Father M. JONES, of Nhill, being the officiating clergyman. The bride, who was given away by her brother, Mr. F. COLLINS, was dressed in white embroidered voile, with hat to match. Miss Emily COLLINS, sister of the bride, acted as bridesmaid, and Mr. J. BRAY was groomsman. Showers of confetti greeted the bridal party as they walked through the church. The happy couple soon afterwards left for Kaniva, en route to Melbourne, where the honeymoon will be spent.

Obituary - Mrs. James KEYTE
There passed away, December 31, at Mt. Arapiles, one of the pioneers of Natimuk district, in the person of Mrs. KEYTE. The first signs of illness were manifested about five years ago, but it was not until 12 months ago that the state of Mrs. KEYTE's health became alarming. Seven or eight weeks ago she came over from New South Wales to stay with her son Charles, but she gradually failed, and died on the last day of the year.

Born at Dolkeith, Scotland, in 1850, Mrs. KEYTE was consequently 64 years of age when she passed away. With her parents --Mr. and Mrs. David WALTON-- she landed at Portland when only four years old, so that she had been a colonist for 60 years. She came out in the ship Indian Ocean, having for shipmates the late Mrs. FRY and the late Andrew DUNCAN. The family went to Mt. Gambier, where Mrs. KEYTE resided for 18 years, and where she married Mr. KEYTE 48 years ago. In the year 1872, Mr. and Mrs. KEYTE settled in the Natimuk district, Mr. KEYTE having selected the farm now occupied by Mr. Anton SUDHOLZ. Here they lived for 20 years, removing, in 1892, to he property on which Mr.Walton KEYTE now resides. It was a hard struggle in those days, but Mrs. KEYTE met every trial with patience and fortitude. Four or five years ago, Mr. and Mrs. KEYTE left for New South Wales, Mr. KEYTE having purchased a large tract of country at Gilgandra.

Mrs. KEYTE was of a quiet, unassuming nature and was held in the highest esteem by all who knew her. She was a devoted wife and mother. She leaves a husband and family to mourn their loss, three children being dead. The following are the names of those living -- James Henry (Cowra), Caleb William (Gilgandra), Mrs. HARMAN (Queensland), Mrs. L.A. OLIVER and Mrs. Fred OLIVER (Grass Flat), Mrs. P. HATELEY (Gilgandra), C.T.W. and Walton KEYTE (Grass Flat) and Ebenezer KEYTE (Gilgandra).
The funeral, which took place on Saturday, 2nd January, was largely attended. The Rev. E. E. SHACKELL (Methodist) conducted the burial service.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - January 15, 1915

Mr. N.P. RASMUSSEN, of Grass Flat, has made an implement which should serve a very useful purpose on his farm. This is a mallee shoot and stinkwort scorcher. The idea is, that say mallee roots, are placed into an iron box, and when the implement is started, a blast is made by means of an iron fan. The heat is blown through a grating onto the shoots or stinkwort. A field trial of the implement is to take place on Saturday, January 23, at 3 o'clock.

At the Court of Petty Sessions, on Friday, before Mr. Edward HARRISON, P.M., and Mr. S. G. KNIGHT, J.P., Bert KIDDLE and James CURRAN were charged with being on the licensed premises of the White Hart hotel on Sunday, December 13, when such premises were closed to the general public. Mr. BENNETT, in answer to the charge on their behalf, pleaded guilty, and they were each fined 10/-.

Obituary - Mrs. Ann HOUSTON
The death of Mrs. Ann HOUSTON, relict of the late Neil HOUSTON, died at Nurse TAPPER's private hospital, Horsham, at 11 o'clock, on Saturday morning last, at the age of 70. The deceased lady had been failing for some months, and death was due to heart failure. She had lived in the Natimuk district for many years, the late Mr. HOUSTON, having taken up the farm on the Wimmera river, near what is known as O'BREE's bridge, over 30 years ago. After the death of her husband, Mrs. HOUSTON conducted the farm for a time, removing through failing health, to a property near Horsham. Mrs. HOUSTON was a fine type, kindly and generous to a degree, and was widely known and highly esteemed. She was a zealous worker for the Church of Christ. She leaves a large family to mourn their loss. The members who live in the Wimmera are Messrs. Albert, Donald and Hubert and Miss Bella HOUSTON. The funeral took place on Sunday to the Natimuk cemetery, the cortege being a lengthy one. The service at the graveside was conducted by Mr. COMBRIDGE, evangelist.

The little daughter of Mrs. Jas. CRANAGE, of Edenhope, met with a serious accident last Wednesday week. Mrs. CRANAGE and the little girl were returning from their holidays and when the train ran into Goroke station the child was playing with an umbrella. Consequently when the train pulled up suddenly, the handle was forced into the child's mouth and tore the underside of the tongue. Little hope was given by Dr. BOURKE at first, but we are pleased to state that latest reports are much more encouraging. -- 'Kowree Leader'

Natimuk Court
Before Messrs. A. BARKER and W.J. SUDHOLZ)

  • Police v. F.G. MUEGEL non vaccination. Fined 1.
  • Police v. J.T. NEWTON similar charge. Fined 1.
  • Police v. A.W.H. ROWLEY, similar charge. Fined 1.
Conscientious objection was pleaded in each case.

The following clipping from the "Coolamon Review," N.S.W., concerning the former member of the Gymbowen Rifle Club, and a familiar figure at the annual district matches in Horsham, will interest Wimmera riflemen-- Mr. E.S. BYRNE, of the Methul Rifle Club, who won the much coveted five guinea trophy, and who made the highest aggregate score of the rifle in that competition, caused his club mates much delight on the day preceeding the match by capturing another trophy in a very decisive manner. Mr. BYRNE was strolling across to the rifle range for a practice, when a fox started up from a fallen pine tree, and quickly made off. Reynard showed fine strategy in his headlong flight by keeping his rear portion direct to the enemy, thus presenting a very difficult target. The marksman, however, fixed his sight for 150 yards, adjusted the wind gauge and took aim at the "disappearing target." The bullet entered the animal's hindquarters near the tail and emerged through the tip of its nose. "He must have been well over 100 yards away when I knocked him over," said Mr. BYRNE. "It was a matter of pure luck, for the fox was running, and I took him from a standing position" In the light of this marksman's achievement on the following day, when he annexed the Mellor trophy, and registered a "possible" at 500 yards, we think that skill played an important part in Reynard's capture.

Tennis Notes Owing to the holidays the club has not been able to complete arrangements for matches for the forth coming month, as a number of the prominent members of the district clubs are at present away on annual leave. The championship of the Wimmera is to be played off on the Murtoa courts on the 1st February. We understand that Messrs. McLENNAN and MURTON are contemplating making the trip.
The enthusiasm in connection with the ladder remains unabated and quite a number of changes took place during the month. The following are the results of the challenges played during the last fortnight.

  • H. JORY v Rev. COLE, 6---10
  • J. HENRY v A.J.W. LOCKWOOD, 6---10
  • R. BARKER v H. JORY, 10---6
  • Miss L. SCHURMANN v Miss PEADER, 6---10
  • Miss H. SCHURMANN v Mrs. BEARD, 7---10
  • Miss L. BARKER v E. BOYD, 10---4
  • Miss L. BARKER v Mrs. ROWLEY, 6---10
The challenges to be played are.

Widespread regret was expressed throughout this and surrounding districts when it became known that a very highly respected resident, in the person of Mrs. Elizabeth McINTYRE, had passed away on Wednesday evening at about 9 p.m.. Deceased had been suffering from gastric influenza, and had been confined to her bed for only a few days, her condition being not regarded as serious, therefore, when death occurred it came as a great shock to her relatives. Hearing a noise in her room about 9 p.m. her brother, Mr. McLAUGHLIN, went to see what was the matter,. He found his sister in a sitting position with her head inclined to one side, approaching her he put his hand on her shoulder, and she collapsed immediately. An inquest was held before Mr. W. MITCHELL, J.P., on January 7. Dr. BOURKE, of Goroke, held a postmortem, and a verdict that deceased died of cardiac syncope, due to fatty degeneration of the heart, was given. Mrs. McINTYRE had resided in Minimay for a number of years, residing with her brother, Mr. Robert McLAUGHLIN, having previously lived at Camperdown, and was 63 years of age at the time of her death. She leaves a grown up family of sons-- Messrs. William (Camperdown), Norman and Robert (Minimay), and Duncan (Yea)--- and daughters, for whom the very deepest sympathy is felt. The internment took place in Minimay cemetery, the Rev. DREWETT, Apsley, reading the burial service. About 35 vehicles and several horsemen formed the cortege, which followed the remains to the cemetery.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - February 12, 1915

Polkemett Picnic
A Great Success
Nearly 1000 Persons Present
The picnic held at Polkemett Bridge on Saturday, the 6th inst., in aid of the Belgian Relief fund, was a very great success. Fully eight hundred people were present from the surrounding districts. Great praise is due to the ladies of the Polkemett branch of the National League for the way in which they worked as a body to make the picnic a success. Many donations were given both in cash and articles. Twenty sheep donated sold from 15/- down to 9/-, one sheep for the guessing competition, donated by Mrs. HOOD, realising 1/17/6. The committee met at Miss CALDER's on the Monday evening to settle up in connection with the picnic, and had the pleasure of counting the grand sum of 66, which is very much above any former picnic held at Polkemett. Mr. J. SUDHOLZ sold sheep and other articles for the jumble stall, our old friend, Mr. J. MACKLEY securing the majority of the sheep out bidding all competitors. The drinks and lolly stall realised 12 under the management of a local woodcutter and Wild Ned. Some of the visitors declared that if ever a man deserved the Victoria Cross it was Bob HOOD for the way in which he kept the coppers boiling on Saturday. The refreshment booth which was conducted in the new large shed, was extensively patronised, and the tables were covered with an endless variety of dainty cooking, to partake of which, proved pleasing to the most delicate palate. The Natimuk Brass Band enlivened the day with numerous patriotic pieces. Races were run throughout the afternoon, Results:--

  • Maiden plate--- H. SCHUNKE, E.H. FROST
  • Hurdle race--- R. GROHS, J. SCOTT
  • Handicap--- J. SCOTT, W. CROSS
  • Old Buffers race--- W. MACKLEY, G. KUHNE
  • Married men's race--- J. MURPHY, W. ELLIS
  • Girls under 16--- N HALLAM, E. BALL
  • Girls under 12--- Lula HARPER, B. COURTNEY
  • Girls under 10--- M. BECKER, Violet JACOBI
  • Boys under 10--- E. SMITH, E. WHITFIELD
  • Boys under 16--- Bob CALDER, P. THISTLEWAITE
  • Steppin 2 chains, for men--- J. McDONALD
  • Boys under 12--- W. MILLS, D. LAMPARD
  • Nail driving (ladies)--- Mrs. FRANKE
At a public meeting it was decided that the sum raised be forwarded through the Salvation Army.

At Goroke
At the Goroke Police Court on Wednesday, Jan. 27, a case was heard in which W.C. WADE & Co. proceeded against Edward MUNN for goods sold and delivered, an order for amount was given, with 15/6 costs ; same verses John BIGGINS for 10/4/5--- order for amount with 26/- costs ; same verses B. CUTCHIE for 9/11--- order for amount with 19/- costs ; same verses John MARSHALL for 2/2/6--- order for amount with 1/11 costs.

Bread is still on the rise, the sum required to purchase a 4lb loaf being ninepence.

The marriage of Mr. J.G. KLOWES, third son of the late Mr. Gottlieb KLOWES, and of Mrs. KLOWES, of "Bougainvillea," Natimuk Lake, with Miss Matilda HAUSTORFER , eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. HAUSTORFER, of "Ventnor" Natimuk, will be celebrated in the Lutheran Church on Wednesday next at 4.30.

There have been several departures from the Duchembegarra district of late. Mr. and Mrs. Henry BUTLER are on a visit to their sons at Gilgandra, and if they like the place they may settle there. Mr. Morrison McDONALD has entered the Teachers' Training College. Mr. Murray RAGGATT has gone to Queensland, Mr. Fred OLIVER sent two truck loads of horses to Gilgandra on Saturday. He was accompanied by Mr. Ted BUTLER.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - March 5, 1915

Mr. Gustav KRAUSE, a Minyip pioneer, died last week, aged 65, after surgical treatment rendered necessary through a chaffcutting accident. Previous to the accident he had never known what it was to have a days sickness. He landed at Adelaide when 5 years of age and at the age of 18 went to Mount Gambier. In 1873 he selected land at Kornhiem, and resided there ever since.

Goroke Police Court
At the above court on February 24, Charles PARKER was charged with that he, at Goroke, on the 23rd day of February, was found in possession of certain property, to wit, 22 fowls, suspected of being stolen. Constable NICHOLAS stated---About 7 p.m. on the 23rd, instant, I arrested accused at his camp about 2 miles from Goroke. When asked where he got the fowls in his possession, he replied, "I bought them from a man on the road ; I do not know his name. He had the fowls in a cart. I gave him 1/6 a pair. I bought 20 altogether." Frederick FRIEND stated--- I am licensee of the Goroke Coffee Palace. I identify one of the fowls produced as my property. I lost seven from my fowlhouse about 4 weeks ago. I lost others previous to that. The fowls I lost were similar to those the accused had. No person had authority to remove the fowls from my fowlhouse at different times.
Michael SEERY stated--- I am licensee of the Goroke Hotel. I keep a number of fowls, I remember loosing fowls from my fowlhouse at different times. My groom, John McDONALD, has charge of the poultry. I cannot identify any of the fowls produced as my property but they are similar fowls.
John Donald McDONALD stated---I am groom at SEERY's Hotel. I have been there since 18 December, 1914. I have charge of the poultry. I identify two of the fowls produced as Mr. SEERY's property. I missed 8 one night and informed Mr. SEERY. The fowls produced are similar to ones that were removed from the fowlhouse.
Defendant on oath said--- I bought the fowls from a man on the road, I bought about 12. The fowls are my property, I do not know the man I bought them from.
Accused was fined 2 in default distress. An order was made that Mr. FRIEND receive seven and Mr. SEERY, eight of the fowls, accused to retain seven not identified.
The same accused was also charged with that he on the 23rd of February was found in possession of certain property, to wit, one horse rug, hames and traces, buggy collar, pair of winkers, rein, and check rein, suspected of being stolen.
Constable NICHOLAS stated---I found the harness produced in accused's camp. When asked where he got it, he said, "I have had it for three years, when I used to have a horse, I picked the horse rug up on the road about 4 months ago."
Michael SEERY stated--- The harness produced is similar to harness I had. I bought two rugs last August, I cannot find either rug now. I believe the rug to be my property.
Thomas CARROLL stated---I am a farmer residing at Goroke, I have been with Mr. GRACE for about 20 years. The harness produced is the harness sold to Mr. SEERY by Mr. GRACE about three years ago, when he sold the Hotel to Mr. SEERY, I can identify it because it is Western States coach harness and I have on numerous occasions used the harness.
Accused made a statement. He said--- The harness is my property, I had it in the old coaching days. Picked the rug up on the road.
Fined 1 in default distress. Two months allowed in which to pay the fine. Mr. SEERY to have the rug and harness returned to him.
W.C. WADE and Co. sued Walter LAIDLAW for the recovery of 16/18/9 for goods sold and delivered. Order for amount with 1/6 costs.

The late Rev. Mr. FOWLER
Brief mention was made in our last issue to the death of the Rev. Mr. H.C.M. FOWLER, who was at Noradjuha in charge of the Methodist circuit for three years, leaving there after his marriage with Miss WALTER five of six years ago. From particulars supplied by our Noradjuha corespondent it appears that Mr. FOWLER went to bed as well as usual, but shortly afterwards was seized with violent pains in the body. It was thought at first that the seizure would pass off, but the pains became more acute. Everything was done to relieve him, word was sent to the nearest doctor, Mr. FOWLER died before the doctor arrived. At the enquiry held in the cause of death it was found that death was due to inflammation of the kidneys. The Rev. Mr. FOWLER was twice married. The son (recently married) and daughter were the issue of the first marriage, but there was no family by the second marriage.

Mr. Jas. BROWN is prepared to undertake the sawing of firewood in Natimuk and district.

Under instruction from Mr. D. MATHIESON, Messrs. YOUNG Bros. invite tenders for the lease of 603 acres of agricultural and grazing land at Goroke.

On Tuesday week evening, the two Ullswater volunteers, Gordon McDONALD and Thos. PEACH, jnr. were farewelled prior to their departure for the front. The school-room was crowded, the gathering being one of the largest seen there.

Mr. Harry ADAMS leaves Tooan today for Yaapeet, where he has a farm.

Mrs. W. CALDER and Miss E. D. CALDER of Polkemett, have recovered from serious attacks of influenza.

Frederick WALSGATE aged 18, an emigrant, who was in the employ of Mr. JACKMAN, of Clear Lake, met with a terrible accident on Friday, when he was kicked on the head by a horse and his skull fractured, his brain being exposed and injured. Mr. JACKMAN immediately place the unfortunate young fellow in his motor car and drove him to Dr. BIRD's surgery at Natimuk. Dr. BIRD, after giving temporary attention, ordered the youth's removal to the Horsham Hospital, where he was operated upon by DR. READ, who raised a fragment of bone and attended to the brain.

Cricket Notes - Natimuk v Horsham Methodists
An evenly contested match was played at Natimuk on Saturday between the above teams, resulting in a win for the home side by 10 runs, but the display of batting on both sides was poor. The Methodists scored 50 of which HOSKIN made 30 not out, MacLENNAN (5 for 22) and ROWLEY (5 for 27) bowling well for Natimuk. The home team opened poorly, four of the best bats failing to score. The reliable MERTON saved the situation by scoring 29, carrying his bat right through the innings. GLADIGAU also played a useful innings for 15. SEATER secured the exceptionally good average of 9 wickets for 12 runs. Details----


  • E. POPE c and b MacLENNAN (5)
  • S. KNIPE b MacLENNAN (1)
  • G. SEATER b MacLENNAN (2)
  • C. HOSKIN not out (30)
  • A. REEVE b ROWLEY (5)
  • G. HOMDEN b MacLENNAN (1)
  • L. BARWELL c and b MERTON (0)
  • Total - (50)
  • Bowling --- MacLENNAN 5 for 22, ROWLEY 5 for 27, MERTON 1 for 1


  • A. ROWLEY b SEATER (0)
  • E. MERTON not out (29)
  • K. MacLENNAN b SEATER (0)
  • P. LYON b SEATER (0)
  • W. REED b SEATER (4)
  • T. SPOWART b KNIPE (0)
  • N. McLEAN b SEATER (0)
  • B. PEARMAN c and b SEATER (0)
  • Sundries (6)
  • Total - 60
  • Bowling --- SEATER 9 for 12, KNIPE 2 for 32, POPE 0 for 10.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - March 12, 1915

At the Balmoral court, Edward SYMONS, of Glenisla, was charged with having committed perjury on January 23. The case arose out of a prosecution for lighting a fire, when accused swore he had not said to police that his brother told him he had lit the fire. The evidence of the police and an officer of the Forestry Department was to the effect that accused had told them that his brother had said he lighted a fire in the undergrowth. Accused, who reserved his defence, was committed for trial at the Hamilton supreme court on April 13, he was allowed bail on one surety of 50 and his own recognisance of a similar amount.

Auction Report
Messrs. HAGELTHORN and BOLTON, of Horsham, report the sale of the following properties at satisfactory prices:-- On account of Mr. Jas. COWAN, 479 acres in the parish of Albacutya, to Mr. Jas McMAHON ; account Mr. Jas. MADDERN, 633 acres in the parish of Galia, to Mr. G. V. CONDIE ; account of Mr. W. P. McILLRAITH, 1017 acres in the parish of Balrootan, to Mr. J. T. LANE ; account of Messrs. MAYHALL and HIGGINS, 476 acres in the parish of Paywit, to Mr. H. J. COTTEE ; account Mr. G. V. CONDIE, 200 acres in the parish of Gnarwarre to Mr. Jas. MADDERN ; account Mr. Jas. McMAHON, 200 acres in the parish of Gnarwarre, to John COWAN ; account owners ( in conjunction with Messrs. YOUNG Bros.) various township properties in Rainbow, account Mr. A. BROOK (conjunction with Messrs. D. ANDERSON and Co.) house and land, Horsham, to Mr. J. HUNTER. Total property sales : 3023 acres for 17847.

The Late Rev. Mr. FOWLER.
From the "Alpine Observer" (Bright) of February 26, we take the following report of the magisterial inquiry concerning the sudden death of the Rev. H. M. C. FOWLER:--

Bertha Alinda FOWLER deposed that the deceased, Henry Michael Clarke FOWLER was her husband and was 52 years of age. Generally he enjoyed good health ; the only illness that called for the attention of a medical man was in September when the deceased had a continual bleeding of the nose. On the 20th he was in his usual state of health, and in the afternoon went to Bright to attend a tennis match. He returned home about 5 o'clock. About 10 o'clock deceased and I retired to bed, and about 12.30 he awakened me and asked me to get a lamp, as he felt ill. I gave him some brandy and water, but he kept on making a choking noise, and after bathing his face I went to Mr. STEPHENS, a neighbor for assistance, after attending him again I sent a telephone message to the doctor, who on his arrival pronounced life extinct. Herbert Ernest STEPHENS, deposed that he was next door neighbor to deceased. About 12.30 on the 21st, Mrs. FOWLER called him and said that Mr. FOWLER was very ill and she thought he was dying. Witnesses wife went to her assistance while he went to acquaint deceased son-in-law, Thomas Edward WILLIAMS.

After waking Mr. WILLIAMS witness hurried back to lend assistance. Deceased was lying in bed and making a choking noise. I was with deceased about three-quarters of an hour when he died. Dr. BENNETT arrived a few minutes after.

Constable John POWER gave evidence of a formal nature.

Harold Vincent BENNETT, duly qualified medical practitioner, deposed that about 1 o'clock he was called to the residence of Mr. FOWLER by telephone, but on arrival found that life was extinct. Later on that day witness made a post mortem examination of the body, and as a result formed the opinion that the cause of death was inflammation of the kidneys, and uremia resulting there from. The deputy coroner returned a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony.

Mr. FOWLER was born at Numurkah, in 1863, and was, therefore, 52 years of age. In 1884 he entered the Methodist ministry, and after being stationed in various centres, came to Wandiligong just about three years ago from Walhalla. During the term he had resided there Mr. FOWLER had gained the esteem and respect of all shades of religious belief. He took an active interest in many matters of a public nature, as far as his duties permitted, and was a constant and ardent worker in the interest of his church. These with many other estimable qualifications made the Rev. gentleman very popular, and on all sides expression of deep sympathy have been made at his untimely end.

The funeral took place at the Bright cemetery on Monday afternoon. Prior to leaving for the cemetery the remains were taken into the Methodist Church, where a service was conducted by Mr. MORSLEY, Home Missionary from Myrtleford, assisted by the Rev. W. ANDERSON (Presbyterian). There was a large attendance and the proceedings thereabouts were most impressive in character.

Clear Lake News
Master Fred WALGATE, employee of Messrs. E. and V. JACKMAN, who was kicked in the head by a draught horse at Telangatuk, and who at present is confined in the Horsham Hospital, is making wonderful progress of recovery.

In the Horsham Court of petty sessions on Friday last, before Messrs. E. HARRISON, P.M., S. G. KNIGHT and G. TIMMINS, J's P., John RUSSELL, of "Melrose" Nurrabiel ; claimed from Robert McDONALD of Nurrabiel, 17 12s., the value of sheep worried by defendant's dogs. The complainant stated that nine of the sheep (flock ewes) worried, had died, and he valued these, not withstanding the drought, at 1 per head on the 3rd December last. The balance of the claim was in respect of twelve others badly bitten. The complainant stated that on the date mentioned early in the morning, he found the sheep badly worried, some being dead, and in consequence poisoned some of the carcasses. He was about the paddock all that day, but did not see any sign of the dogs. Late in the afternoon another witness saw dogs chasing a neighbor's sheep, some of which were also worried, in an adjoining paddock, about half-a-mile away, and though he could not identify the dogs, he stated that one was a kelpie and the other a stag hound. The following morning a stag hound was found dead in the paddock where the carcass had been poisoned, and later a kelpie was found dead in an adjoining paddock, both stag hound and kelpie being apparently poisoned. On the evidence it appeared that the dogs belonged to the defendant. The defence was that there was not sufficient evidence to connect the dogs with the worrying, and this was urged at length, but the Magistrates over ruled that objection. The defendant stated that he had been away during the week, and only returned home on the Wednesday evening. The dogs had been, according to the evidence of employees, tied up during the master's absence and were let loose on the morning of his return, and after the hour at which the sheep had been worried. Evidence was also given that recently a case of worrying had occurred. The Chairman said, that if the dogs were tied up at the time of the worrying, it would be a complete answer, but considered that defendant was not clear enough in his evidence as to the date of his return, and that coupled with the circumstantial evidence, led the bench to find for the complainant. They decided to assess the damages at 12/6 per head for the sheep killed and 10/ for those worried, and made an order for 10/7/6, with 4/1/6 costs. A stay for one month was granted.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - March 19, 1915

Mr. F.W. GRABSCH (associated with Messrs. YOUNG Bros.) will hold sales of sheep, cattle, horses, implements, etc., on Thursday, March 25, on account of Mr. M. BRODY and Mr. W. SPONG. The sale is to be held on the farm of the former at Telangatuk East.

Both Mr. BRODY and Mr. SPONG, who have resided in the Telangatuk district for many years, are leaving. The district will be much poorer in consequence.

Mr. R.G. McCLURE, of Mitre Lake South, has purchased a motor car.

The formal opening of Messrs. NOSKE Bros. new flour mill at Border Town took place on Wednesday.

On account of Mr. B. H. HOFFMANN, Messrs. YOUNG Bros. will hold a clearing sale of horses, cattle, sheep, farm and contractor's plant, etc. on Monday 29th March at the homestead of the late Neil HOUSTON, on the Wimmera River, near Natimuk.

Mr. J. LAMPARD has been appointed president and Mr. R. HARROWFIELD secretary of the Ullswater debating society.

The Edenhope Football Club has been re-formed, with Mr. W.T. MOORE as president and Mr. Alf BIRD secretary.

On Tuesday night last Arthur BRAY was standing near the Natimuk Mechanics' when he was accosted by Victor TAYLOR, who inquired where a man named SHANAUGHAN was. BRAY replied that he did not know, TAYLOR said, "go and find him," to which BRAY replied, "I don't know the man." TAYLOR then, without any warning, stuck BRAY a cowardly blow in the mouth, cutting his lip open and loosening three of his teeth. TAYLOR followed BRAY up and tried to hit him again, but the latter went away and informed constable ROWLEY of what had occurred, and gave TAYLOR in charge for assault. Taylor was locked up by constable ROWLEY, and released late at night on bail, in one surety of 10, to appear at the Natimuk court on the 25th inst. BRAY was taken to Dr. BIRD, who attended to the injury, having to put three stitches in his lip

At the Horsham Presbyterian Church on Wednesday, January 27th, an interesting and pretty wedding was celebrated. The contracting parties were Edith ; only daughter of Mr. Joseph FORSYTH, of Noradjuha, and Charles, only son of Mr. C.S. McDONALD of "Innisvale," Noradjuha. As the bride made her entry on the arm of her father, the congregation rose and sang "The Voice that Breathed O'er Eden." The Rev. Thos. GRAY was the officiating minister. The bride was charming in a gown of ivory crepe de chine, with long court train trimmed with true lovers knots and orange blossom. the customary wreath and veil was worn, also a gold watch and chain, the gift of the bridegroom. The bouquet she carried was of white roses and asparagus fern arranged in sheaf form. Miss Ivy McDONALD, sister of the bridegroom, was as bridesmaid, becomingly attired in a creme silk with long tunic overlace and kilted frill. A dainty mop cap completed the costume. She wore a gold sword and shield brooch, gift of the bridegroom, and carried a sheaf bouquet of pink lillies and fern. The best man was Mr. W.J. McDONALD of "Glencoo," South Wonwondah, cousin of the bridegroom. A sumptuous wedding breakfast was partaken of at the Exchange Hotel by the bridal party and about 40 guests. The toast of the King was proposed by the Rev. Thos. GRAY, who presided, and after the National Anthem was sung, he proposed the toast of the Bride and Bridegroom. This was suitably responded to by the bridegroom, who also proposed the Bridesmaid, to which the best man replied. Mr. James TREADWELL proposed the toast of the parents, to which Mr. C.S. McDONALD replied, and Mr. Graham TIMMINS on behalf of Mr. FORSYTH. The toasts of the chairman and the host followed. The happy couple left that evening to spend the honeymoon in Tasmania and New Zealand. The bride travelled in a smart Tango costume with hat to match, trimmed with ostrich plumes. The presents were both useful and numerous.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - March 26, 1915

Goroke Court
At the Goroke Court of Petty Sessions on Wednesday, Mr. E. HARRISON P.M., and Mr. F. WIDDICOMBE, J.P., occupied the bench. Walter HINCH was fined 2/6 for failing to enroll on the Commonwealth role of electors.

Henry COLLINS, grazier, of Minimay, was charged on summons by Constable NICHOLAS with that he on the 20th of February, 1915, did keep confined certain animals to wit, 70 sheep, without providing such animals with proper and sufficient food and drink.
John MULRANEY stated-- I reside with my father at Minimay. On the 18th of February I saw defendant driving about 70 sheep towards a yard in the scrub leased by defendant. On the 20th I saw 70 sheep in a yard in the scrub in a very weak condition. Two of the sheep in the yard I can identify as ones I saw defendant driving the previous Thursday.
Constable NICHOLAS stated--At about 5pm on the 20th February I visited a cyclone fence in a lease block leased by defendant, about ten miles from Minimay. I saw 70 sheep in a yard in a weak condition. I saw defendant later at Minimay. He admitted putting the sheep in the yard on the 18th. When asked why he kept the sheep shut up for three days he said it was no worse than another grazier did to his sheep.
Defendant, who did not appear, was fined 7 in default one month's imprisonment, and 8/6 costs ; in default distress.

Mrs. G. N. COOK
Mrs. Harriet Ann COOK, widow of the late Mr. George Nesbett COOK, a very old and highly respected resident of the Nurrabiel district, died at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. James BALLINGER, on Sunday morning last. The deceased lady, who was nearly 85 years of age, had enjoyed good health up to about a week previous to her death. The funeral, which was a large one, took place to the Nurrabiel cemetery. Mrs. COOK leaves a grown up family to mourn their loss. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. James TREADWELL, and the Rev Mr. SHACKELL officiated at the grave.

Natimuk Assault Case
At the Natimuk Court of Petty sessions yesterday, before Mr. E. HARRISON, P.M., and Mr. G. MUEGEL, J.P., Victor TAYLOR was charged with that he did at Natimuk, on March 16, unlawfully assault Arthur BRAY.
TAYLOR pleaded guilty.
Inspector RILEY prosecuted.
Arthur BRAY deposed--- I am a laborer residing at Natimuk. At 9 o'clock on Tuesday evening, 16th March, I was standing in front of KIEFEL's shop when TAYLOR came up to me, caught hold my coat, and said, "Do you know where SHANAUGHAN is ?" I replied, "I don't know." TAYLOR said, " Well go and find him." I said, " I don't know the man." He then struck me on the cheek and on the lip, which was cut through and three of my teeth loosened. I saw Dr. BIRD, who put three stitches in my lip. I had not previously had any arguments with TAYLOR to give him a reason for committing the assault. I have been going to the doctor daily for a week.
Robert BRAY deposed--- On the night of the 16th, I was standing in front of the Mechanics Hall. Saw TAYLOR strike the second blow. TAYLOR afterwards said he had sent one bloke home, meaning my brother.
Dr. R.K. BIRD deposed--- On Tuesday night, 16th March, Arthur BRAY consulted me in the reading room of the Mechanics Institute. He appeared to have been bleeding profusely. I found a lacerated wound in the upper lip, and took him to my surgery and put in three stitches. It was a bad wound, and was not right yet.
Constable ROWLEY deposed--- On Tuesday night, 16th March, I went with the complainant, Arthur BRAY, to NEWTON's Hotel. I saw the accused there, and asked him why he had assaulted a boy. He said he didn't.
The complainant gave him in charge. At the Police Station, TAYLOR said he was prepared to pay damages.
Inspector RILEY said the assault was a cowardly one, and drew the attention of the bench to the difference in the ages of the two men. TAYLOR being a man and BRAY a lad.
Accused said when he hit BRAY he was under the influence of drink, and did not know what he was doing. He was sorry for what had happened.
The Police Magistrate said the Bench felt it their duty to express their opinion of the assault. It was a most cowardly assault. A member of the Court (though Inspector RILEY's size would save him) might for instance be standing outside the post office and accused come along and ask the time, and if there was no answer an assault might be committed.
A man with a disposition like that ought to be curbed.
Accused was fined 4 with 1/12/ costs.

Obituary - Mrs. Mary KEYTE
A highly respected colonist for 60 years in the person of Mrs. Mary KEYTE, of Arapiles, passed away at 10 o'clock on Monday morning last at the very advanced age of 96 years.
Mrs. KEYTE was a typical English woman. She was born at Harbury, England, in the year 1819, and came out to Australia with her husband in 1855, landing at Adelaide and settling at McLaren Vale. They came to the Natimuk district 27 years ago, the late Mr. KEYTE conducted a blacksmiths shop where Mr. MEEK now lives. He however, died two years later. Mrs. KEYTE removed to the farm now occupied by her son, Mr. Charles KEYTE, about 19 years ago, and resided there up to her death. Until two or three months ago Mrs. KEYTE regularly visited Natimuk and only took to her bed a day before she died. She leaves a family of three sons and three daughters, namely Messrs. William (West Australia), Richard (Karnak) and Charles (Arapiles), Mesdames MANNING (Quantong), and CARBERY (Arapiles), and Miss Emma KEYTE (Arapiles). The funeral, which took place to the Natimuk cemetery on Tuesday, was largely attended. The coffin bearers were Messrs. F. BUNWORTH, M. SMITH, H. WEBB, H. LEITH, A.G. SUDHOLZ, and J. DEWAR. The Rev. E. SHACKELL (Methodist) conducted the burial service.

Wedding Bells - KIMMICK -- SCHMIDT
The marriage of Mr. Adolph W. KIMMICK and Miss Alma SCHMIDT, youngest daughter of Mrs. Carl SCHMIDT, of "Carlsruhe," Natimuk, was quietly celebrated on March 10 at the Lutheran Church, Natimuk, and afterwards at "Carlsruhe." The church had been prettily decorated by friends of the bride. The service was choral, Madame BELLMONT presiding at the organ. The bride, who was given away by her brother (Mr. W.C. SCHMIDT), wore a charming gown of crepe- de-chene with pleated tunic and bodice of Limerick lace. A wreath and veil were worn and a shower bouquet of azaleas and lilies was carried. The bridesmaid, Miss E. SCHMIDT, (sister of the bride), wore champagne crepe-de-chene with ninen tunic and a black velvet hat. A bouquet of red carnation was carried. The bride's mother was gowned in black crepe-de-chene, veiled with lace, and wore a black hat. Mr. KEIM, of Horsham, acted as best man.
The bridegroom's gift to the bridesmaid was a pearl and diamond brooch. The bride's gift to the bridegroom was a gold locket and sleeve links. The bridegroom's gift to the bridesmaid was a silver bag.
The bride's going away dress was a lime colored coat and skirt, and she wore a smart black hat with ostrich plume and gold band.
The bride and bridegroom left by motor for Horsham en route for Melbourne, where the honeymoon is being spent. Many handsome presents were received, also a number of telegrams of congratulation.

The facilities for obtaining water in these drought periods has again been proved at Vectis East on the farm of Mr. P. KOENIG. Messrs. W. KLOWSS and W. STARICK, from Natimuk, were employed by Mr. KOENIG to put down a bore, with the result that a splendid supply of water was struck at 195 feet. When boring ceased, pumping operations were carried out for over two hours at the rate of 12,000 gallons per day without being able to lower the water, which remained at 66 feet from the surface, although it rises slightly higher when no pumping is done. The water is of good quality and will in the near future be used for irrigating the garden, besides supplying the wants of the farm, and, if necessary, the wants of some neighbours, who have to cart and whose present supply will be exhausted in less then a week.


Wedding Bells
A very pretty and interesting double wedding was celebrated at "Fairview," the residence of Mr.and Mrs. W.E. MAYBERY, of Nurcoung, on March 18, when Emma Olive, their fourth daughter, was united in Holy bonds of matrimony to Leslie Gordon LEAR, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. J. LEAR, of Nurcoung, and Elsie Eva May, the fifth daughter, was united to James FULLER, second son of Mr. and Mrs. F. FULLER, also of Nurcoung. Miss L. LEAR was bridesmaid to the first couple, and Miss R. MAYBERY to the second couple. A large marquee was built alongside the main house, and as the bridal parties stepped forward, Miss BOYD, of Natimuk, at the organ, and the choir, gave "The Voice that Breathed o're Eden." The service was performed by the Rev. T. COLE, of Natimuk. Both parties looked very charming in their pretty costumes. After the service was over, a large number of friends adjourned to the marquee where a fine wedding breakfast was spread. This being over, the chairman, the Rev. T. COLE, proposed the toast of the King, and the company stood and sang the National Anthem. The chairman then proposed the toast of the brides and bridegrooms. He said the day was doubly happy, as two fine girls of the district had married two fine young men, also of the district, and he had no doubt that they knew each other long enough to know each other well. He had been associated with the MAYBERY family for a long time, and he felt safe in saying the daughters would be as good as their parents. He also looked upon the bridegrooms as wise sons of good fathers. Mr. R.G. McCLURE, president of the Arapiles Shire, supported the toast. He had known all the families concerned, and knew them as industrious, straight-forward people. He wished them health, wealth, and happiness. Cr. W. KNIGHT, Mr. G.T. HAASE, Mr. W.J. SUDHOLZ, Mr. J. CRICK and Mr. D. McKINNON also supported the toast, which was drunk with musical honours. Mr. L. LEAR thanked all the speakers for their kindly advice, and hoped he would be able to carry out faithfully the promises he had made in their presence. Mr. James FULLER also responded in a neat fashion. Mr. J. FULLER proposed the toast of the bridesmaids, to which Mr. R. LEAR responded, Mr. A. RICHARDS proposed the toasts of the parents, to which Mr. D. McKINNON responded, Mr. H.A. SUDHOLZ proposed the toast of the Chairman, to which the Rev. T. COLE responded. At night the young people of the district were invited to a dance and a great number attended. The presents to both sides were many and useful. The happy couple left for Natimuk, en route for Ballarat, where the honeymoon is being spent. A very fine bridal cake was supplied by Mr. PERRING, of Horsham.


Our Duchembegarra North correspondent writes
It is with feelings of deep regret that I have to record the death of Herbert MACKLEY, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. MACKLEY, of this district. He left here about two weeks ago to work on the railway at Wolseley, where his married sister Mrs. BRIGGS resides. No particulars are to hand as to the cause of death. On Tuesday morning the parents received a wire to say their son was hurt, and on reaching Pimpinio to catch the train another telegram awaited them with the sad news that he was dead.

Mr. ANDERSON, who married Miss Emily HOUSTON, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Neil HOUSTON, was accidentally killed in a mining accident in Western Australia. Much sympathy is expressed for his bereaved wife.

Miss Alice WEBB, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. E. WEBB, of Grass Flat, left Natimuk on Wednesday night for the Training College, Melbourne. A farewell meeting was held in the local Barracks, when Sergeant Major BERRY, on behalf of soldiers of Natimuk and outposts, presented Miss WEBB with a kit bag.

Mr. E. WERNER, of Natimuk, has purchased a Ford motor car.

Mr. D. CALDOW has been elected president and Mr. W. NORRIS secretary of the Edenhope P.L.C.

Mrs. Henry QUINN, of Tarrayoukan, died at Harrow on Thursday.

The marriage of Mr. Louis William HATELEY, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. A. C. HATELEY, formally of Mitre Lake, now of Geelong, and Miss Elizabeth May SMITH, third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Mark SMITH, of Grass Flat, took place in the Grass Flat Methodist Church on Wednesday, 31st March. The Rev. E. SHACKELL performed the ceremony.

As the bride entered the church on the arm of her father, who gave her away, the hymn "The Voice that breathed o'er Eden" was sung by those assembled, Mr. Walter SMITH presiding at the organ. The bride looked very charming in a dainty dress of creme mercerised embroidered lace organdie, trimmed with frilling and pearls. She wore a wreath and veil and carried a shower bouquet of cosmos and asparagus fern. The bridesmaid, Miss Lily SMITH, wore a pretty white embroidered voile, she carried a bouquet and also wore a pearl crescent bangle, the gift of the bridegroom. Mr. Lou SMITH acted as best man.

The bridegroom's present to the bride was diamond and garnet bracelet. The bride's gift to the bridegroom was a traveling bag. As the bride and bridegroom left the church they received the congratulations of their friends.

The guests, consisting only of near relatives, were subsequently hospitably entertained by Mr. and Mrs. SMITH at their residence. Mr. SHACKELL presided over the wedding tea, and at the conclusion, as the usual toasts were dispensed with, voiced the good wishes of those present to the young couple.

Mr. and Mrs. HATELEY were afterwards driven to Natimuk where they took the train for Horsham, en route for Adelaide, where the honeymoon is being spent.

The bride's traveling dress was a neat navy blue serge costume, trimmed with black mervellieux silk with hat to match. On their return from Adelaide, Mr. and Mrs. HATELEY will live at "Zion Villa" Mitre Lake.

A wedding in which considerable local interest was taken was celebrated at St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Natimuk, on Wednesday afternoon, Pastor LOHE officiating, the contracting parties being Mr. Peter Oliver GRANT, youngest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Robert GRANT, of Lowan, and Miss Ida Agnes, third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. August SCHMIDT, of "Lyndoch," Natimuk. Miss Edie KLOWSS, church organist, presided at the organ.

The bride, who was given away by her father, was charmingly attired in white crepe de chene, trimmed with white satin and shadow lace, court train, lined with pink chiffon, and trimmed with white satin and horse shoe of orange blossom. She wore the usual wreath and veil, and carried a beautiful shower bouquet of white asparagus fern, with white streamers.

The bridesmaid, Miss Marie SCHMIDT, (sister of the bride) wore white embroidered voile, trimmed with val lace, with sash of floral silk, black hat, with pink spray. She carried a shower bouquet of pink flowers and asparagus fern, with pink streamers. both the beautiful bouquets were made and presented by the Misses KLOWSS.

The bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr. Walter GRANT. The wedding breakfast was held at "Lyndoch," and the usual toasts were honoured. That of the King was proposed by Pastor LOHE, who also proposed the toast of the Bride and Bridegroom, which was responded to by Mr. E. W. SALLMAN.

The bride's gift to the bridegroom was a suitcase, and the bridegroom's gift to the bride was cameo brooch and black handbag, and to the bridesmaid he gave a gold necklet set with aquamarines.

Mr. and Mrs. GRANT left by motor for Horsham en route for Ballarat and Melbourne. The bride's traveling dress was a costume of grey tweed finished with violet. Black hat with white plumes and black furs.

A social evening made up of cards, music, games, etc., followed the breakfast. A guessing competition, "The New Brides Shopping," was won by Miss HEARD, of Lakebanks, the prize was a silver hat pin stand.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - Apr 16, 1915

We have received the following letter, dated, Mena, March 14, from Corporal H. HALLAM, formally of Tooan East :--

I have received the "West Wimmera Mail" and was glad to get it. Always send it. I pass it round to Ted SCHUNKE and Viv BROWN. It is worth it's weight in gold here in Egypt. Viv and Ted are as well as can be, and they ask me to let the football club know through your paper that they send there best wishes for the coming season, and please state that although they are not with the boys they are still wearing the old blue and white, for our Regimental colours happen to be blue and white. Would you kindly give my best wishes to the Lowan footballers and tell them that I wish them good luck and hope to be back for the final. I have had four fights in the soldiers stadium. I won three and lost one, being beaten by the champion of the force. SCHUNKE is training, and is going to take a lot of stopping, if he consents to go in the ring. We were the first of the Australians to go in the trenches-- the D Company of the 8th Battalion. Jack HALEY from Horsham was the first man to take part. I was corporal of the Company, so you see, Horsham and Natimuk have something to remember. We were in bed the night of 4th February, when at 11 o'clock the Captain woke me to get the Company together. We walked 11 miles into Cairo and took train to Ismalia, where we slept all night on a sandhill. Ismalia is on the Suez Canal, the place where the Turks attacked us. We could hear firing all night in the far distance up the Canal. I slept very little, I thought of home and the shores I left behind and if they told the truth, there were a good many more who thought the same. In the morning I had a party of men gathering up a few stragglers who were knocking about the town. It was a sorry sight to see the lovely streets and houses with only an odd person here and there. The people had nearly all left the town, which the Turks had been shelling, but little damage was done. Then came the sight that settled me. In came the wounded Turks lying in open trucks, with wounds that sickened me. Our wounded were taken care of first, so that it was many hours before the Turks could be treated. Although they were our enemies, there was not a man amongst us who would not have given the world to relieve the pain of the poor fellows. Early next morning we trained down the canal 18 miles to a place called El Ferdan, where we went into the trenches side by side with the Indians, who are fine soldiers. We were in the trenches for three days and never fired a shot. The day we entered the trenches the Turks retired. A Ghurka was shot 500 yards away, and that was the closest we were to being under fire in the attack on the Canal. There were only two New Zealanders wounded. You may hear some funny things from letters, but this letter is true.

Particulars are to hand concerning the tragically sudden death of Herbert E. MACKLEY, son of Mr. and Mrs. William MACKLEY, of Duchembegarra North, to which brief reference was made in our last issue. Young MACKLEY had only recently left home to go to Wolseley, where he was engaged on the railway . On Saturday, 3rd April, he was engaged in transhipping when unfortunately he was caught between the buffers of two trucks. Though strong hopes were at first held out for his recovery, he died on Sunday evening, his last words being" tell mother I am going to my Saviour" His sister asked him, when she knew there was no chance for him, would he be afraid if she told him he was not going to get better, and he said he was quite prepared to go. The deceased was well respected by every one who knew him. Dr. WEST, from Kaniva, and Dr. DREW, from Bordertown, and nurse BUTLER, were in attendance. He was staying at the residence of his sister and brother-in-law Mr. and Mrs. R. BRIGGS, his remains were interred in the Bordertown cemetery. The pall bearers were four of his fellow workers. A beautiful floral wreath was sent from fellow workers and transhippers.

By taking inwardly, in error, a poisonous lotion intended for outward application, Mr. David DOLMAN, of Coleraine, formerly of Minimay, had an unpleasant and dangerous experience. It appears that Mr. DOLMAN is under medical treatment, requiring both internal and external mixtures, and by oversight he was given a dose of iodine to swallow. Immediately the mistake was realised aid was sought, and an emetic led to the discharge of the poison.

Mr. Kenneth McKENZIE, aged 59, brother of Mr. Duncan McKENZIE, local representative for Messrs. Dalgety and Co. Ltd., passed away on Tuesday of last week. The deceased had been in poor health for a long while, and his death was not unexpected. His remains were interred in the Natimuk cemetery on the following Thursday.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - May 14, 1915

Salt Lakes
A social was held in the hall last Friday night to bid farewell to Mrs. W.J. McINTYRE and her two sons on the eve of their departure for Toolondo, where she is going into business, lately carried on by Mr. J. CAMPBELL. Mr. J.H. ROSS was voted to the chair, and after the singing of the National Anthem, games and singing were indulged in. Mr. ROSS then, on behalf of the residents of the district, presented Mrs. McINTYRE with a handsome set of silver ware, cutlery, serviettes and tray cloth ; also a pair of silver serviette rings to Masters Keith and Murray. Mr. Wm. McINTYRE, snr., suitably responded on behalf of Mrs. McINTYRE. A dainty supper was handed around by the ladies, and dancing kept going until the early hours of the morning. The singing of Auld Lang Syne brought an enjoyable evening to a close.

It is with deep regret that we have to report the death of Mr. D.W. McDONALD, a very old resident of the Noradjuha district. Some time ago Mr. McDONALD met with an accident. He was getting into a buggy, when the step, which was loose, slipped from underneath him. The horses moved on and the wheel struck his spine. From the injury caused he did not recover. On the first of May he underwent an operation in Melbourne and died on the following Wednesday, May 5, from heart failure. Deceased who was 61 years of age, was born at Strathalbyn, S.A. and had been a highly respected resident of the Noradjuha district for over 44 years, where he successfully followed farming and pastoral pursuits. He was of a very genial disposition. The funeral which was largely attended, the cortege including 35 buggies, took place on Friday to the Nurrabiel cemetery, the coffin having been sent to Natimuk by train. Mr. McDONALD was a member of the Masonic Lodge, and about 20 members of the craft assembled at the graveside, six carrying the coffin from the cemetery gates. Mr. F. SAW conducted the burial service of the Presbyterian Church, after which the impressive service of the Masonic order was read by the chaplain of the Natimuk lodge the Rev. E. SCHACKELL.
General sympathy is felt for the bereaved widow, three daughters and one son who are left to mourn their loss.

The following report by a newspaper correspondent on the effects of the inhuman German device of using poisonous gases in trench and artillery warfare, gives some idea of what the men suffer--- He found the patients propped up in bed with their faces, arms, and hands turned to a shiny grey or black colour. Their mouths were open, and their eyes were as if they had been glazed with lead. They were all swaying backwards and forwards, struggling for breath. It was an appalling sight, and yet practically nothing could be done for the men beyond giving them emetics. The gas fills the lungs with a watery frothy matter which gradually increases and fills the lungs, and the men die of suffocation in a day or two. Hundreds died in the trenches, and half of those who reach the hospitals succumb. "Without doubt" the correspondent declares, "the gas is the most awful form of scientific torture".

Mr. W.J. SUDHOLZ left Natimuk yesterday for Melbourne, where he will remain for ten days.

His many friends and acquaintances will be sorry to hear that Mr. Fred ROGERS, of Tooan, is passing through a trying illness. He is suffering from pneumonia.

Mr. H. HUNT of Quantong, recently presented 56 pounds of currants to the Belgian fund, and this was offered at Mr. TUCKERS sale at Walmer last Tuesday week and realised the satisfactory sum of 30/2. Four melons which were donated by Mr. Wm. PARISH, of Lower Norton, to the Red Cross fund, bought 1/2/6.

Mr. W.H. GILL, formally of Natimuk and Goroke, has been appointed to succeed Mr. MARSLAND as accountant at the Horsham branch of the National Bank of Australaisa. Mr. GILLS appointment is a permanent one, he having been transferred from the relieving staff. Mr. MARSLAND has gone to Bendigo.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - June 4, 1915

The news of the death of Corporal Hector HALLAM at the Dardanelles was received with regret by his friends and acquaintances in the West Wimmera. Corporal HALLAM went with the 8th Battalion to Egypt, being subsequently transported to the Dardanelles. Owing to his splendid physique, being as tough as nails, so to speak, he would be amongst the first to be picked for the strenuous task of driving back the Turks. Where the task was hardest there would HALLAM be, or want to be. He was a rough diamond, and, though not generally known, had a poetical taste of no mean order. He had written several poems, one being "How the Skewbald saved the Mallee Block" He contributed two letters for the "Mail" when in Egypt. He was a well known footballer and boxer, he leaves a widow and child at Tooan East.

In the list of those killed at the Dardanelles appears the name of Lieutenant Hugh HAMILTON, who was born at Natimuk in May 1891. Lieutenant HAMILTON was educated at the Urquhart Street School, Ballarat, and subsequently became a student at the Ballarat Continuation School, and then was a teacher at Mount Pleasant for 2 years, joining the Education Department in 1910. In 1912 he entered the Duntroon College and in his year was 7th on the list for Military Examinations. He joined the D Company of the 14th Battalion, and when the Kings Colour's were presented to the Battalion at St. Kilda he was the recipient of them. He was a St Andrews Kirk boy.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - June 18, 1915

Letter From The Front

The following extracts are taken from a letter written by Private Cecil EDMONDSON to his parents at Goroke:--

This is the first opportunity I have had of writing to you. I am at a disadvantage at present, as I have lost all my belongings and have got no money, so couldn't get any paper until I got up, otherwise you would have heard sooner. We will be freshly equipped before we go back. I got a bullet in the leg, and have been waiting for the x-rays, but they have decided to leave the bullet in, as it doesn't seem to be going to affect me. I am at Cairo, but will be back at the front before you get this. No doubt you have an account of the landing in Turkey. It was rather a warm reception that we got, but our boys were very brave and fought against great odds. poor old Australia, she has lost a lot of her best lads, and is likely to loose many more. Our officers were very brave, and the poor chaps were picked off in great numbers. Our battalion lost Colonel and Lieutenant. Colonel the first day, and I hear that our Captain, who was a splendid man, was wounded badly. No doubt you wondered where we were after we left Cairo.

We were at Lemnos Island, a Greek possession, not far from the Dardanelles. We did some hard training there, climbing big hills, rowing, climbing rope ladders off the boats on to destroyers. Our brigade, the 3rd, was the one chosen to land first, and they have got great praise. One would never think it possible to land troops there, and I'm sure we wouldn't have only for the warboats. The forts had there fire on us, also machine guns and rifles all day Sunday, and all through the night the firing kept up. It was a fearful row, battle ships behind, Turks big guns and machine guns in front and on the left of us, and our own guns as well. It was war in earnest ; but with all this noise, when I was relieved, I was able to sleep as soundly as if I were in bed. There were some fearful sights and I shall never forget them.

I don't mind the bullets so much, it is the shrapnel that is so terrible. The earth shakes under you when a shell bursts, and the effects are awful. Several of our men, where they burst close to them, were blown to pieces. There is a difference between shell and shrapnel. Shrapnel is a shell full of round bullets and when it burst the bullets go forward about 30 to 40 yards wide, and 200 to 300 yards forward, so you can see it is hard to dodge. I have had quiet a number of experiences, and can tell you I have been in about the thickest fire that has been experienced, and one can hardly believe he is alive the narrow shaves I have had. One experience out of a number was when I was lying wounded. I propped my head on my arm and a bullet went right through between my arm and head and hit a chap behind me in the chest. There are others waiting to write, so I must now leave you. Although we were at times in storms of bullets I wasn't at all afraid. I really think your boy would be a good soldier so don't worry about him.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - June 25, 1915

Obituary - MRS. L. McRAE
A very sad death occurred at Natimuk on Saturday morning at 3 o'clock, when Mrs. McRAE, wife of Mr. Lachlan McRAE, of Tooan, died somewhat suddenly at Dr. BIRD's private hospital from heart failure. Before her marriage some three years ago, Mrs. McRAE, then Miss SANDFORD, was teaching at the Tooan State school for about two years, and was held in very high esteem both as an officer in the Education Department and in private life. Her premature death is greatly deplored, and the utmost sympathy is felt for the bereaved husband. There is one child, a boy, about ten days old, who is doing well. A large number of mourners joined in the procession to the Tooan cemetery on Tuesday. The coffin bearers were Messrs. R. G. McCLURE, Reuben LIGHT, and D. and J. McRAE. The burial service was read by the Rev. Thos. COLE.

Obituary - Mr. D. BROWN
There passed away at Natimuk at 4 o'clock on Monday morning one of the oldest identities of the West Wimmera in the person of Mr. David BROWN. He had been ailing for the past two months, and the cause of death was general breakup. Born at Glasgow, Scotland, in 1839, Mr. BROWN had consequently lived through 76 years of hard work, for the deceased was a great toiler. He landed at Portland when only 7 years of age, so that he had been a colonist for almost 70 years. From Portland he went to Hamilton, where he was apprenticed to the flour milling trade under Mr. LEARMONTH. He came to the Wimmera 44 years ago, and was for a time employed in James FRY and CO's mill at Natimuk. But he followed chiefly the work of splitting and fencing and was distinguished from the numerous other Browns as, "Splitter BROWN." He was an expert fencer.
He leaves a family of ten, all of whom are living. Their names are:-- Messrs. William D., Alex. and Edward, of Natimuk ; Archie, Queensland ; Harold, Dimboola ; Vivian, Malta (in charge of prisoners), and Lionel (Corporal), Broadmeadows ; Mrs. EKMAN, Natimuk ; Mrs. ?-----? South Australia ; and Miss Ellen BROWN, Natimuk.
The funeral on Tuesday was largely attended, an evidence of the respect in which deceased was held. The coffin bearers were four sons-- Messrs. William, Alex, Edward, and Harold. The service at the grave was conducted by the Rev. T. COLE.

Letter from the Front
Writing from Egypt to a friend (who has sent a copy of the letter to the "Mail") Private A. WISHART, a former Goroke boy, who left with the first Expeditionary Force, says---

All the contingents (Infantry) have gone--we guess to the Dardanelles. It is hard luck for us, after leaving Australia first, to be the last away. They don't seem to be able to place the Light Horse as yet, but I think when the Infantry affect a good landing in Turkey our turn will come. We are heartily sick of this place, and if it were not for an occasional route march time would pass very slowly indeed ; and even then it is only the prospect of getting to the Front that keeps some of us alive. It is very hot here, though summer has only begun, and our horses are thoroughly done after a days work.
(Private WISHART has since been reported wounded at the Dardanelles.)

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - July 2, 1915

Mrs. EKMAN writes:-- I noticed in your last issue that you stated my brother, Viv. C. BROWN was at Malta (minding prisoners), I beg to inform you, that is incorrect, because Monday, 21st June, I received a letter from him, which runs as follows:--

Just a few lines to let you know I am still able to eat three meals a day. We are right in the thick of it here, if you know where "here" is, as we are not allowed to say where we are at present. We landed on a Sunday and I do not think I will ever forget it. The first salute we got was a hail of shrapnel as we rowed ashore in the boats, and as we got ashore it was like someone throwing stones. They (the stones) were flopping all around us. It was all uphill work. There was a funny side to it as well. As the hills were very steep many rolled down instead of walking. I experienced it myself, and it was not too pleasant, as there was a lot of prickly bushes where I lobbed. The fire was not too bad until we got to another hill. Colonel GARTSIDES (he is dead now poor chap) said we would be under heavy fire when we were going down the other side, and he was quiet right, we were. I reckon I could have given any of the crack runners of "Nati" a start and then have beaten them down the next gully. I will ring off now as paper is scarce. H. HALLAM was the only one from Natimuk that got hit, he is still in the hospital. Remember me to all over there as I cannot write to everyone.

Horsebreaking and Clipping
Wishes it to be known that he is back in Natimuk, and is prepared to break in Light and Draught horses to Harness and Saddle. Charges moderate. Excellent recommendations from stations in Victoria and New South Wales. Clipping, 10/, 7/6 and 5/

Letters from the Front
Lance Corporal Harold HAWKINS of Goroke has written to his parents as follows.

You will see by the above that I am in Hospital in Alexandria. We just arrived from the scene of operations in Gacan today. I am wounded in the knee. The bullet went in from behind the knee and came out beside the knee cap. It never broke any bones or touched the knee cap. I reckon I was jolly lucky. We had just been relieved in the trenches and I was making preparations for dinner in a dugout on the side of a hill. I hadn't been there long before a sniper got me from behind. I had a very pleasant 21st birthday lying on my back all day. This accident will keep me in hospital for about two months, so you need not worry for a while. My mates and I intended going down to the beach next day to cable home to our people that we were alright. Oh, it was a bit of bad luck after coming out of two bayonet charges without a scratch then to get hit by a bally sniper. All along I've reckoned a sniper would get me if I got hit at all. I'm not in much pain ; it hurts a trifle when the Doctor starts dressing it. I sent you a service P.C. on the 19th so you will get that through direct. It's not too bad in the trenches, we get bacon and potato chips for breakfast, and plenty of bullybeef, biscuits and cheese ; we get fed pretty well. I suppose you get a fair account of the fighting here in the Melbourne papers. I can't say much about it or my letter will be stopped. Anyhow we all did our best, and I hope we made a good name for Australia which she will be proud of. I received Bon's post card and your letters on the 21st March. We don't get too many letters now as so many go astray. I was in the trenches when I got your last letter. I didn't have a shave for three weeks, I was in action for four weeks and had one shave, two washes, and had my clothes off twice. Well mum and family I must ring off. Do send me some papers (local or otherwise). I may be sent to England I don't know for certain yet. Love to all at home.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - July 9, 1915

Letter from the Front

The following letter from Private Robert HUTCHINSON, who is in the military hospital in Malta, has been received by his parents at Wail and has been forwarded to us for publication.

You will see by the above that I have been wounded, although possibly you have seen my name in the list of wounded long before you get this. I stopped a bullet with my right foot between the ankle and toes. It made a mess of the bone so I am put out of action for 3 months at least. Found out since that he is not fit for active service again . I have been operated on and am getting on alright. George CLEMENTS got two flesh wounds, one in the left shoulder, and one in the muscle of his right arm. He is in the convalescent hospital. They brought most of the wounded here. Don't worry about us. Ted LEE and George were lying alongside of me when I got hit. I had just been 14 days under fire. We had a rough time the first few days after landing, and when the Australians had made a good footing they took the 2nd Brigade around to where the English and French were, to lead a charge. We made a great name for ourselves, but we had a lot of wounded. We charged under heavy shell and machine gun fire. We gained about 800 yards of country and killed an awful lot of Turks. Then we had to dig ourselves in about 200yds from the Turks trenches. Of course we lie down to do that and I suppose my feet must have been the most conspicuous part of me. I got hit about sundown Saturday, May 8, and Clem got one after. They took me back to the dressing station through the night, and I was put on a boat on the Monday with about 1200 others, we sailed to Alexandria, where they took off the serious cases, and then they brought the rest of us around here. They may send me to England to get well as soon as I can go on crutches. I shouldn't wonder if I limp at all that they will send me back to Australia. I would like to see more fighting though. I won't tell you yet many of the things I saw, something awful, but one gets used to it. I lost my pocket book in the last charge we made, the one you gave me for my 21st birthday. I don't think there is much chance of my getting it back. The Turks will soon be no more. We advanced over a lot of country and I hear that the allies are still making progress. The Indian troops are very proud of the Australians The Indian Gurkhas are considered the gamest and bravest soldiers in the world. The English and French troops call the Australians the white Gurkhas. Saw George, and I sent a cable to let you all know that we were well after our first big engagement. We couldn't send separate ones as they cost 10d a word, and we didn't have much money. I've only drawn about 20 altogether, so there is a lot coming to me. Everyone is very kind here. There are English nurses and A.M.C. men. They look after us well. I am allowed to eat anything. We have a lot of visitors to see us. I can't tell you much about Malta because I was brought from the ship to the hospital in a Red Cross waggon. There are a lot of Australians here, and some of the Dimboola boys. Kirby WRIGHT, Bill DAGGER, Will BRUNTON, and the two D'ALTON's are wounded. One of them, Henry, was killed. Three from Dimboola are dead, WALKER, BOND and BAENCH. Then George and I from Wail, so you can see we were right there. George and I had the pleasure of potting a few Turks before they got us, and we expect to get more of them yet. One night George shot a Turk about 10yds yards off. It was dark and we didn't know if he was dead or not. but next morning we found him seriously wounded, so we hopped out of the trenches and took him to our Doctor. He had crawled to within 10yds of us in the dark. We had some thrilling experiences, I shot two snipers about 200 yds from our trench. When the firing eased off some of us used to go out and take the enemies equipment off the dead Turks. We got some good curios, but I lost my pack in the last charge. Well I don't want you to worry about me, I will be going about on crutches in about a month. We haven't lost our good spirits yet. I have just had a 1d shave. Hoping you are all well and not worrying. Remember me to all friends. George has just come in to see me, and is going to post this. He is almost well again.

Marriages : BRAY -- HILL
A quiet but pretty wedding was celebrated in St Aidans church Natimuk, on Tuesday last July 6, at 4 o'clock, when Mr W.C. BRAY, eldest son of Mrs BRAY, of Natimuk, was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with miss Alma May, fifth daughter of Mr an Mrs H.R. HILL, of Natimuk. The bride who was given away by her father, was attired in white crepe voile trimmed with lace and insertion, the skirt being trimmed with tunic of embroidered voile, caught up at left side with satin horseshoe, trimmed with orange blossom and pearls. She also wore the customary wreath and veil, the wreath being kindly lent by Mrs L.A. ROSEL, and carried a shower bouquet of roses and asparagus, with long streamers. The bridesmaid Miss G. HILL (sister of the bride) was dressed in grey resilda, trimmed with white silk and fancy buttons, and wore a mop cap of silk net and orange blossoms, and carried a bouquet of pink flowers with pink streamers. The bouquets were made by Mrs J.T. NEWTON.
The bridegroom was supported by his brother, Mr Albert BRAY.
"The Voice that breathed O'er Eden", was sung by the choir when the bride entered the church, and the wedding march was played as the bridal couple left the church. Miss Elsie BOYD, church organist, presiding at the organ. An adjournment was then made to the residence of the bride's parents, where a quiet reception was held.
The happy couple left by the evening train for Ballarat, where the honeymoon is being spent. A large number of friends assembled at the station to see them off . The bride traveled in a navy blue costume, trimmed with striped silk, and navy blue silk hat trimmed with feather ruche and posy.

The following were the presents:---

  • Mother and Father of bride, fruit dish and linen.
  • Mother and sister of bridegroom, silver mounted biscuit barrel.
  • Mr Albert BRAY, silver cruet.
  • Mr R. BRAY, silver mounted jam dish.
  • Mr A. BRAY, pair ornaments.
  • Miss L. BRAY, set of carvers and table linen.
  • Miss G. HILL, silver mounted sugar basin.
  • Mr C. HILL, half dozen knives and forks.
  • Mr and Mrs T.H. HILL, pair of ornaments.
  • Mrs A.D. KENT, fruit dishes.
  • Mrs L. WOOLCOCK and family, sugar basin and cake dishes.
  • Mr and Mrs H.L. HATELEY (Hopetoun), cheque.
  • Mrs COLE, silver mounted honey jar.
  • Mr and Mrs LARRAD, silver tea pot and table linen.
  • Mr TWIDLE, silver cruet.
  • Mrs R. BARKER, table cloth and center.
  • Mr and Mrs J. NEWTON, marcella quilt
  • Mr and Mrs L. ROSEL, cheque.
  • Miss M. CLEARY, silver butter and jam dishes.
  • Mrs J. CAMERON, hot water jug and sweets dishes.
  • Mrs REUHLANDS, biscuit barrel and salad bowl.
  • Mr D. McINTYRE, hearth rug.
  • Miss E. MILLS, pair ornaments.
  • Mrs. J. McLEAN, tea set.

Miss Fanny PRETLOVE, of Minimay was accidentally shot by one of her brothers on Friday last. She was in a room with them while they were handling a pea rifle, and not knowing that it was loaded, pointed it at her and fired. The bullet entered her body just below the heart, and found lodgement in her left lung. She was brought into Horsham and taken to the hospital, where she was attended to, and under Dr. READ's care is making fair progress towards recovery.

Raymond BOURKE at the suit of Richard APPLETON, for whom Mr BENNETT appeared, was ordered to pay into court the amount of an order obtained against him for 7/8/3, together with 1/2 costs, of the summons and examination, in installments of 5s a week. commencing on July 9th ; or in default of any such payments, to undergo imprisonment for 14 days in Ararat gaol.

Fall from a Train
While the Adelaide express was rushing along through the darkness, a middle aged man, named Archibald CAMPBELL, stepped out through the doorway, and survives to tell the tale.

It was on Saturday morning, a little past 1 o'clock, near the railway crossing at the Dimboola cemetery, and the hero of the adventure is a farmer who was on his way home to Neuarpurr from Horsham, where he had been transacting business.

Miss Dolly FERGERSON, residing at the gatehouse, about 70 yards away from where CAMPBELL was found shortly after the Adelaide express had passed, heard a moaning of someone in pain, and walked along the line in the direction from which the sound came, until she saw the figure of a man lying face downwards across the rails, his head being in the centre of the Rainbow line.

She raised and removed him clear of the rails and covered him with rugs, and then sent word to the Dimboola Railway station officials. They told a cabman named John CHRISTIANSON, who informed Senior constable ROSS, who went with him to investigate. They found CAMPBELL partly stunned, and he gave stupid answers and said he did not know how he got there. They placed him on the cab, and drove to Doctor PHILLIPS' to have him examined and treated. Just about the time the cab pulled up he suddenly appeared to realise his position, and gradually came to his senses, and said : "Where are you taking me?" When told he said : "I object to being examined by any doctor. I'm all right. Take me to some hotel where I can get a bed. I'm not injured in any way, I have only a black eye and the skin knocked off my face, and a small patch off my right hip." They took him to the Commercial Hotel, and he went to bed.

Here he confided to Constable ROSS that he left his home in Neuarpurr by rail on the evening of July 1, and travelled all night, and arrived in Horsham on the evening of July 2. He took a bed at HENNESSY's Hotel, but did not sleep. Most of the day he spent in Mr CATHCART's solicitor's office, fixing up an estate of which he is the executor. He left Horsham by the Adelaide express at midnight. The only explanation he could give was that he had not slept the previous night, and having been on his feet nearly all day and being very tired, he fell asleep in the carriage. He must have woke up suddenly, and probably forgot he was in the train, and thinking he was in his own house at Neuarpurr, he got up and opened the carriage door while in a sleepy mood and must have stepped out on to the railway line. The forgoing is a very simple explanation of a very puzzling explanation.

Obituary : Mr William McBEAN
One of the oldest residents of the Goroke district in the person of Mr William McBEAN, passed away on Monday in the Horsham hospital, of which institution he had been an inmate for three weeks. The cause of death was general breakup. Mr McBEAN was in the early days a school teacher under the common school system. He taught at Carapook, Winiam, and other places. He came to Victoria with his parents when a boy, and settled in the Goroke district over 30 years ago. He had occupied various positions, including those of secretary to the Goroke Agricultural Society, inspector for North Riding of the Kowree Shire, and registrar of births and deaths. He was of a very kindly disposition. He leaves a widow and grown up family. Mrs Mat MOLLOY, Misses May, Georgina, and Annie are daughters, and Messers William, John, James, and Charles, are sons.
The remains were conveyed to Goroke by train on Tuesday, the funeral taking place to the local cemetery, a very large number of mourners attending. The Rev Mr HOUSTON (Presbyterian) officiated at the graveside, while mortuary arrangements were in the hands of Mr J.C. McDONALD

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - July 16, 1915

Private Jim HOOD, son of Mrs. HOOD of Polkemmet, has written two interesting letters home. The first was written on May 2 on the troop ship Galeka, off Alexandria, and is as follows:--

I suppose you were pleased to hear that Australia won her first victory in one of the severest battles of the war. I was unlucky enough to miss it, as I was left on board to help unload in the hold party, and after the hospital ships were filled with wounded they sent them onto our boat, and so we have been nurses and general sickmen's orderlies ever since. It was a rotten job, just about turned me up. I thought I could stand blood. They talk about the way the Germans play dirty tricks, but the Turks can loose them at it. They hold up the white flag and then shoot our men as soon as they approach them. German officers are everywhere in our uniforms, giving our men orders in English, and playing our bugle calls to entice our men out of the trenches. The Turks seem to use more explosive bullets then any other kind. The wounds they give are awful.

One chap had his hand blown off with the explosion. In the trenches they pop off above you just like crackers, and when you open them there is just an outer coat of nickle, filled with powder and a little soft lead to hold the powder in. The troops landed on my birthday. We had the ship right close to the shore, and the shrapnel was flying all over us. It was a terrible rough landing for the boys. First time under fire, and an awful lot were shot in the boats before they reached shore. One boat was sunk by a shell going through it, and the men were picked up in the water. The boys behaved beautifully. They charged as soon as they landed, in fact they jumped out up to their necks in water and charged the Turkish trenches 50 yards from the shore, and then chased the Turks a mile and a half inland.

Their snipers took heavy toll of our men. You couldn't see them 12 yds from you and they just murdered our chaps wholesale. One sniper they shot had 12 identification discs and about 200 in Australian money from those he had shot, and another had wristlet watches up to his elbow on one arm. I suppose you will have heard all this news long before you get this letter; but we have no time to think of anything else at present, as you may guess. It is a unique experience for all of us, and it is a scene that some of us will never forget. There are a lot of our fellows gone. Three of my mates at Mena are dead and two more wounded. Goodbye for the present. I will write first chance, but we land in firing line this week. Love to all home and Polkemmet, and to all the girls near home.

The second letter is thrilling :--

Some spot in Turkey, May 18 -- I must write a line to let you know I am still going strong, though the shrapnel are screaming musically about and above our heads, and rifles and machine guns are also doing their share of the orchestra. I don't know where my mail has been getting to, as I have only had two letters since we left Mena on the 14th of April. I met Bruce GREGSON (wounded) the other day, but he is back in the firing line again. If the Australians can do nothing else they can play this game well. At present they are laughing and joking at every shell that comes. It is funny the difference between death in civil life and death here. It seems such a common thing to expect to get your turn, and still it doesn't come, and even when you see a friend shot you have no time to do anything but just fire on for all your worth.

There is one thing about the Turks, you can't bayonet them, because they won't wait for you and you have no chance of catching them for they run like hares. They say this is more serious fighting than that in France, and they call it "Hell on Earth". It is worse here because it is full of bullets, Lyddite, hand grenades, shrapnel and various other articles. Tell the girls I have no time for more than one letter and not much time for that. I am writing this on my water bottle, well down in the ground in a dug out with just room for three in it. Jack CHARLTON, Will HOLDEN, and myself all writing. It may be the last time for months or it may be forever (Kathleen Mavourneen style). Someone just sang out that from the amount of fireworks there were here he reckoned it was the 5th November and not 18th May. The light horse are in the trenches with the infantry now. Goodbye mother. Say goodbye to all I know, as it is 10:1 chance if I ever see them again. You can't realise what it is like.

[ An official post card, dated May 20, said he was well, but have since heard that he was wounded on June 24 ]

Later Mrs. HOOD informed us yesterday that she received a wire the night before containing the bad news that her son had been severely wounded in the right leg.

Fatal Gun Accident : The Minimay Case : Death of Miss PRETLOVE
Following on the sad death of Frances Webb PRETLOVE at the Horsham District Hospital on Thursday last, an inquest was held by Mr Edward HARRISON, P.M., at Horsham on Friday afternoon.
John Frederick PRETLOVE, of Minimay, deposed ; The body of deceased is my daughter, Frances Webb PRETLOVE, aged 17 on June 6th last. She has never been away from home. On Friday, July 2, I did not see her ; I saw her the evening before ; she was then in good health. On Friday I went to Nhill, via Lawloit. At Lawloit I received a wire stating that my daughter had been accidentally shot, and another later that she was in Nurse RUSSELL's private hospital, at Goroke, and not in much pain. I rode back and saw my daughter next morning between 6.30 and 7 o'clock. She was conscious, and my stepson carried her out on to the motor car. She begged me not to blame the boy, as it was a pure accident. She did not describe how it happened : nor did she at any time. I arrived here in Horsham at 11 am on the day she died. She seemed sufficiently conscious to know what I said. One of the boys, Henry, aged 15, explained that he had the rifle. He had been around the sheep and took the rifle to shoot crows and hawks. He said he came into the kitchen and said to Fanny, the deceased, "Aint you up yet?" She answered, "Yes, I have just had my breakfast and made my bed" I understood he replied, "Oh, you aint been up long". He had the rifle under his arm with the muzzle pointing towards her, I suppose he did not know it at the time. The younger brother George, came up behind him, between him and the table : and either pulled the gun or knocked it and that caused the gun to go off, and it shot her. Then she ran outside to my stepson, who happened to be a few yards from the house. She said, "Gordon I'm shot." the mother was absent milking the cows. That is the explanation the boy gave, and he is a truthful boy. That is all I know about it. I had not seen my wife and family from the time I parted with them at Goroke until I met them here on Thursday morning at 3 o'clock. My wife is suffering from shock and cannot attend this inquest.
Stanley J. D. READ, duly qualified medical practitioner, residing at Horsham said ; I saw deceased on her arrival at Horsham hospital on the morning of July 3, directly after her admission. She was then fairly bright and was able to tell me what had happened. She had a bullet wound in the left side just below the ribs. The bullet had entered the chest a little below the heart, and penetrated the left lung. The left lung was collapsed and there was a condition of pneumothorax. The respiration's were quickened, and the hearts action disordered. Her condition became worse on July 6 and she died about 6 am on July 8. In my opinion death was due to shock and heart failure, resulting from the gunshot wound.
Gordon BURNS, stepson of the previous witness, John Frederick PRETLOVE also gave evidence. At this stage the inquiry was adjourned till July 27, at Goroke.

Letter from the Front
The following extracts are taken from a letter written by Lance Corporal Harold HAWKINS on May 30 to his parents at Goroke. The letter was penned in the Palace Hotel at Cairo, which has been turned into a military hospital:--

Although the heat is very great we have lovely cool evenings. The Australian Sisters are very kind to us. They have just brought in some water melon, which is O.K. The wound through my knee joint is healing up fine, but I cannot bear to rest my foot on the floor. It will be another week perhaps before I can hobble about on my own, still I suppose I must have patience. I would like to back again with the boys and do something. I am afraid they will have all the Turks licked before I am able to use the rifle again. I haven't seen anything of Gordon or Albert LOWE, Cecil or Frank EDMONDSON, or Horace HART. I met Les BIRCH who used to work in the "Mail" office, Natimuk, in the Alexandria Hospital. He was in the next bed to me, and in the course of conversation we found out we knew each other. He had his foot shattered with a bomb and had another wound through the other leg. He is going to England and then I think they will send him back to Australia. I think a few weeks will see the end of the Turkish army.
[ We are very sorry to hear of Les BIRCH's misfortune. He served his apprenticeship on the "Mail," and was at all times energetic and trustworthy.]

Obituary : Mrs G.A. McDONALD
Cr. George McDONALD of Noradjuha, has suffered a very sad bereavement in the death of his wife, which took place at Abbotsleigh private hospital on the night of the 7th instant.
She had been an inmate of the hospital for about a month, but for some time previously had been in indifferent health. The deceased lady, who was a daughter of the late Mr A. SINCLAIR, secretary to the Arapiles Shire, and of Mrs M.A. SINCLAIR, of Croxton, had been married about 14 years, and besides a husband leaves a family of two sons, about ten and twelve years to mourn their loss. The greatest sympathy is felt for them in their bereavement. The funeral took place to the Nurrabiel cemetery on Friday afternoon, and was largely attended. The burial service was conducted by the Rev. E.E. SCHACKELL

Mr A.W. WALTER(S), an old resident of the Noradjuha district, and for many years councillor of the Arapiles Shire, died on Wednesday. The funeral takes place at 1 o'clock today.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - July 23, 1915

Letter from the Front
Lance Corporal Viv. BROWN has written to his sister at Natimuk, Mrs G. EKMAN, as follows:--

Just a line to let you know I am getting on alright. I got hit by a piece of shrapnel just below the kidneys. It is not too bad. But do not think I was running away because I got hit in the back. I was having breakfast on 18/5/15 sitting on the side of my dugout when they stopped me. A dugout is our bedroom, dinning room, etc. It consist of a hole about 4ft by 5ft. Generally two live in one together. You can dig as deep as you like, but we never go very deep, just enough to duck into when the shells begin to burst. But we all get pretty careless, and that's how I got hit. If I had been inside, my bedmate might have been killed, so it was a good job I stopped it, better a wounded man then a dead one. The wound is healing fast. The only thing I don't like is the gas. I suppose you heard Hec. HALLAM is dead. L. BONEHAM, ex billiard marker at NEWTON's, got wounded same day as I did, but not too bad. He got it through the leg, but he had better luck then I did, as it went right through. SCHUNKE is stationed here, he is looking well. Lucky beggar to have missed all we went through. Still, don't know about that, there is a chance of him being sent over to the firing line. There is some talk of sending the garrison troops over, and giving the others a spell. There are hundreds of men stationed here who have not seen any fighting yet. We get treated fairly well considering the crowd there is to attend to. I know my way about the hospital now, and I sneak out of bed when I want anything, so you will know I am not too bad when I can hop out of bed. It makes one wild and anxious to do for all the Turks one can lay hands on when he sees his pals going down alongside of him. By Jove, it's alright to be in a nice soft bed for a change and get waited on. The nurses here are mostly English and Canadian girls. The Canadian's seem the best, being more like our own girls. I think most of our nurses are in Egypt.

GOROKE NEWS : (from our own correspondent)
As a result of the State Parliamentary campaign, five of our young fellows have volunteered for active service, Les WADE, Les ROBINSON, Bernie NEILL, Tom CALLAGHAN, and J. McDONALD. The first named three passed the preliminary examination at Horsham., and T. CALLAGHAN, and J. McDONALD were, much to their disappointment, passed out on account of defective teeth. We understand that Les WADE and Les ROBINSON passed the final test in Melbourne and have been accepted. Bernie NEILL will go to town this week.

Ven Archdeacon TUCKER, of Ballarat, gave a very interesting lecture on the German Empire in the Mechanics' Hall on Monday evening. There was a fair attendance, about 150 being present. The lecturer, who appeared to have a thorough grasp of his subject, showed that from the very first born ancestor of the Prussians, to the present bloodthirsty Kaiser, a thread of the criminal instinct was to be plainly traced. After the lecture, Dr. BOURKE sang the Marseillaise. Messrs G.H. HAWKINS and C. RICHARDS moved a vote of thanks to the lecturer. A collection was then taken up to defray expenses, and the balance, if any, to go to church funds.

Lance Corporal Harold HAWKINS, who was shot through the knee at the Dardanelles, has been removed from No 2 General Hospital, Cairo, and sent to England on a three months furlough. He is now in a hospital at Manchester.

Old Linen Day will be held in Goroke at the Mechanics' Hall on 30th July, "Australia Day." Any person having old linen to spare if they will bring it along or leave parcels with Mrs F.A. HUGHES or Mrs G.H. HAWKINS, it will be packed and forwarded by the ladies of the Red Cross Society. All articles must be boiled and free from blue and starch. Up to the present the Society has sent away 43 in cash, (monthly installments). The special Red Cross Button appeal this month for the Australian wounded soldiers, realised 5/7/6.

Auction Report : Messrs HAGELTHORN and BOLTON report :--
Since last report we have disposed of the following properties : On account of Mr W.J. KELLY, 43 acres in the parish of Bulban, to Chas.COX ; on account of E.L.GALLOP, 331 acres, in the parish of Bellarine, to C.W. RICHARDSON ; on account of C. PATCHING, 1429 acres in the parish of Booroopki, to C. WONG ; account of J.A.CUNNINGHAM, 40 acres in the parish of Lowan, to Messrs KEYS and SCRIVEN ; account of trustee in CATTANACH Bros. Estate, home and allotment of land, Rainbow, to A MURPHY ; cottage for removal to W. FISHER, and leased 640 acres on same account to McPHEE Bros.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - July 30, 1915

Death of Miss PRETLOVE : The Funeral
The funereal of the late Miss Frances Webb PRETLOVE, only daughter of Mr and Mrs Jno PRETLOVE, of Minimay, who died of a pea rifle bullet wound, accidentally received, took place on Saturday, 10th inst., and was very largely attended, fifty vehicles and twenty horsemen forming the cortege. The burial service was conducted by the Rev. J.G.POLLARD, Church of England. The deceased young lady, who was only 16 years of age, was very popular amongst her associates, being of a cheery and bright disposition. General regret is felt that such a promising young life should be brought to an end in this tragic way.
Three brothers:-- Henry, Percy, and George, a stepsister, Mrs H. WILKS, and two stepbrothers:--Gordon and Henry, are left to mourn the loss, and the deepest sympathy is extended to these and parents and other relatives.

Miss Majorie McERVALE, of Watchem, recently offered her services to the Defence Department as an assistant nurse ; or, failing, a vacancy under the Red Cross, as a dispatch rider, she being an expert cyclist and prepared to use her own motor bike. A reply has been received from the Department, acknowledging receipt of this patriotic offer and stating that same was under consideration.

An old man named John SHANNON dropped dead in the Jung Hotel on Saturday whilst conversing with the proprietor.

Recruits accepted from Wail are Messrs. Arthur BARBER and Hector CLEMENTS. The latter is waiting till Mr MERLIN, teacher of Lochiel State school, goes within a fortnight.

On Tuesday night of last week a farewell was tendered Messrs. Walter and Robert HOLMES prior to their departure for the military camp. The entertainment was held under the auspices of the football club, of which the HOLMES brothers were prominent members. Several spoke of the sterling qualities possessed by the young men, and on behalf of the club both were presented with high quality Crimean shirts. Mr C. COCKROFT who was also leaving for camp was the recipient of a Crimean shirt as a mark of esteem in which he was held by the Toolondo residents.

Mr George RYAN, of Horsham, has received from the father of a returned soldier a letter giving an account of a hairbreadth escape which his son comrade, Gerald RYAN, had in the firing line at Gallipoli. It was young RYAN's turn to go for water.
He took his bucket to the tanks, filled it, and made his way back to the trenches in the midst of bullets. Apparently he took no notice of the missiles, and was unaware of the close call he had. When he stopped to get a drink from the bucket he found it riddled with bullet holes. All the water was gone.

A three storied cake presented by Mrs Alex SCOTT, and raffled on Saturday, at Quantong, for the benefit of the Australian Sick and Wounded Soldiers, realised 1/10, and was won by Mr C. WALTROWITZ, of Quantong, who very generously had it sold for the same cause. The cake has been re-donated and will be sold at an entertainment to held at Quantong on Friday night .

Minimay Notes
Private Jack MILES was home on furlough from Saturday till Tuesday last (13th), returning that evening to Broadmedows, where he is having an interesting time training.
Two more Minimay boys have enlisted for active service, theses being Messrs. Daniel and Bernard NEILL, sons of the late Mr and Mrs Jas. NEILL. The former, who enlisted in Narracoorte and entered the Mitcham training camp last week, has during the past three or four years resided in Frances, in which town he took a leading part in public affairs, and has for many years been a prominent player in the Minimay Football Club. Mr Bernard NEILL successfully passed the medical test in Horsham last week, and will leave on Saturday or Tuesday next. We join with their legion of friends in wishing him good luck and safe return.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - September 24, 1915

A very pretty military wedding was celebrated in St Aidan's Church of England, Natimuk, on Wednesday, the contracting parties being Lance Corporal BRAY, the son of Mr and Mrs Thos. BRAY of Lemon Springs, near Goroke and Miss Amy TOLLNER, daughter of Mrs TOLLNER, of Park View Coffee Palace, Natimuk. The church had been artistically decorated by lady friends of the bride with flowers, evergreens and flags with a beautiful floral arch, from which was suspended a wedding bell and at either side of which were the initials of the bride and bridegroom. The bride entered the church on the arm of her brother, Mr Carl TOLLNER, who gave her away. The Rev. Thos. COLE officiated. Miss Elsie BOYD, church organist, presided at the organ, and played the Voice that Breathed o'er Eden, and the Wedding March ; and she also sang God be With You.
The bride was tastefully attired in a gown of crepe de chine, trimmed with shadow lace, orange blossom, and a court train edged with blue chiffon. She also wore the usual wreath and veil, and carried a sheaf of lilies with white streamers, the gift of Mrs ROSEL.
The bridesmaid, Miss Sophie SCHMIDT, wore a white silk dress with pleated basque, military effect, and carried a bouquet of pink roses and fern with pink streamers, the gift of Mrs ROSEL.
The two little nieces of the bride, who acted as train-bearers, were dressed in white silk and carried baskets of flowers.
The bridegroom was attended by his brother Mr T. BRAY.
The ceremony was concluded with the singing of the National Anthem, after which an adjournment was made to the residence of the bride's parent, where the reception was held., the breakfast being served in a large marquee erected on the lawn. The large number of guest did justice to the delicacies with which the tables were laden. The Rev. T. COLE presided, and the usual toasts were honoured, that of the King being first given.
The Rev. T. COLE, in proposing the toast of the Bride and Bridegroom, spoke highly of the good qualities of the bride and bridegroom, whom he had known for the past three years.
Mr LARRAD in supporting the toast, said he had known the bride and her parent for the past 20 years, and the bridegroom for the whole period of his residence in Natimuk, and had a great respect for them both, and wished them long life and happiness.
The Chairman here referred to the Bridegroom's military position, and said that the fact of his military appointment to the position of Lance Corporal was evidence of his industrious habits, of which he had heard a lot. On behalf of the townspeople of Natimuk, he then presented Lance Corporal BRAY with a wristlet watch, and trusted he would be spared to use it and would return safe and sound.
Mr MEREDITH then proposed the toast of the parents, which was ably supported by Mr W. KUBALE, and drunk with musical honours.
Lance Corporal BRAY made a brief but suitable response, and proposed the toast of the bridesmaid, responded to by Mr TOLLNER.
A very pleasant evening was spent with music, singing, and games till midnight, when the guests sat down for supper, and after singing the National Anthem the guests departed having spent an enjoyable evening.
Following is a list of presents received :--

  • Bridegroom to bride-- Drop pendant
  • Bride to bridegroom-- Wallet
  • Bridegroom to bridesmaid--Brooch
  • Mother of bride--Silver tea service
  • Mother and father of bridegroom--Silver butter dish
  • Mrs T. TOLLNER--Salad bowl
  • Mr T. BRAY--cheque
  • Miss H. BRAY-- cheque and table cover
  • Mr and Mrs J. TOLLNER (Tasmania)-- set of carvers
  • Mr C. TOLLNER--cheque, ash-bed, and occasional table
  • Mr LONERGAN--cheque
  • Mr and Mrs MEREDITH (aunt of bride)--cheque
  • Mr F. and Miss FINCK--cheque
  • Mr G. BOUSFIELD--Silver and glass butter dish
  • Mr J.B. BOUSFIELD--Set of spoons in case
  • Mr and Mrs B. BURNS (brother of bridegroom)--tea set
  • Mr and Mrs EZARD--Silver tea pot
  • Rev COLE and Mrs COLE--Oak butter dish
  • (boarders)--Marble clock
  • Mr and Mrs J. SUDHOLZ--Silver flower stand and vases
  • Misses T. and E. KELLY--2 silver vases
  • Mr and Mrs BOYD and family--Silver and cut glass pickle jar
  • Mr and Mrs E. LARRAD--Silver hot water kettle and stand
  • Miss S.E. SCHMIDT--Pair silver vases
  • Mr J. and Miss A. LARRAD--Silver and china butter stand
  • Miss STEWART--Copper jardiniere
  • Mr and Mrs W. DUNCAN--Silver bread fork
  • Mrs RATCLIFFE--Silver and glass jam dish
  • Mr RATCLIFFE--Cheque
  • Mrs HENRY--Silver tray
  • G.F.S--Silver jam spoon and butter dish
  • Mr and Mrs BECKETT--Serviette ring
  • Mr and Mrs W. KUBALE--Silver and oak tray
  • Mr KUBALE--Tobacco pouch and holder
  • Mrs KUBALE--Testament
  • Willie and Fred KUBALE--Tobacco cigarette holder
  • Mr and Mrs H.DOWLING--Table cover
  • Mrs BASTIN (Sydney) Table runner
  • Mr B BREWER--Cheque

On Tuesday Mr. Otto MAROSKE, purchased in Melbourne the New Zealand bred Clydesdale stallion, Baron's Heir, He is one of the finest proportioned horses ever seen in Natimuk and an ideal sire for producing the best type of farm horse. He is a rich bay by Baron Fyvie.(imported from Scotland), his grand sire being Baron's Pride. His Dam was Diamond, by Royal Conqueror, by Crown Prince. It will thus be seen that Baron's Heir is descended from the best Clydesdale blood, and Mr MAROSKE is to be congratulated upon introducing such a fine sire to the district.

Emily BEARD, daughter of Mr and Mrs Arthur BEARD, of Natimuk, who has attended St Aidans Church for three years during the ministry of the Rev. Thos. COLE, without missing a Sunday's service, has been presented by the vicar with a special prize, entitled " The English Minsters."

Early last week Mrs W. HOWELL of Quantong, who's health had been indifferent for some time previously, was taken suddenly ill, her condition causing grave anxiety to her family. Dr. BIRD was hastily summoned, and on arrival found Mrs HOWELL in a critical condition. A very delicate and successful operation was performed by Dr. BIRD, and we are pleased to state the patient is out of danger and progressing rapidly towards recovery.

The many friends of Mr and Mrs John MACKLEY, of Duchembegarra, will be pleased to know that their son James, who recently underwent a serious operation in Dr. BIRD's private hospital, at Natimuk, is making excellent progress towards recovery.

Wail Affairs.
We regret to state that Sergeant Hugh BALL, of Wail West, has been wounded seriously in the head. The young man was a member of the 9th Light Horse, and a good rifle shot, having been a member of the Wail Rifle Club.

Mr Wm. BOYLE, junior, is home on sick leave for a few weeks recovering from an operation for appendicitis.

In Memoriam : FINCK, Julia Bertha--
In loving memory of our beloved daughter and sister who departed this life on the 18th September 1914 R.I.P.

We saw her suffering day by day
It caused us bitter grief
To see her slowly pine away
And could but give relief
Not dead to us. we loved her dear
Not lost but gone before
She lives with us in memory still
And will forever more
Inserted by her loving Mother, Father, Sisters and Brothers.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - October 8, 1915

Pea Rifle Accident
A serious shooting accident occurred at Spring Hill Station, near Gymbowen, on Saturday, as the result of which a lad named Ernest GEYER, aged 18, now lies in a serious condition at his mothers home in McPherson Street, Horsham. It appears that a little son of Mr and Mrs CREEK obtained permission from his mother to use a pea rifle on some crows which were troublesome in the garden. Subsequently he went to the men's hut where young GEYER was in a reclining position in the doorway. The rifle accidentally exploded, and the bullet entered GEYER's abdomen. Word was sent to Goroke for Dr BOURKE, who on arrival pronounced the case to be serious. Mr CRICK was also summoned home from Horsham, and in his car, he conveyed the injured lad to his mother's residence, where he was operated on for the removal of the bullet by Dr FELSTEAD on Sunday. It was found that the bowels had been penetrated in several places. Though the lads case is serious it is not hopeless. Throughout he bore himself with cheerfulness.

WEST WIMMERA MAIL - November 12, 1915

A serious accident befell Mr Alf LANE last night week. He had been away with a wagon and team of horses assisting in the shifting of the old Salvation Army Hall from Natimuk to Tooan East, and did not reach home until after ten o'clock at night. His son, George, who was waiting up for him, had taken two of the horses to the stable when he heard an unusual noise outside. He went out and found his father on the ground amongst the other horses. The reins were wound around his wrist and the horses had dragged him about the yard and trampled on him. His face, neck, arms and legs were badly cut and bruised, and it was feared at first that his nose was broken. Dr BIRD was immediately sent for, and his friends will be pleased to know that Mr LANE is recovering. Mr LANE has been amongst horses all his life, and this is the first serious accident he has had.

Private Jas.MALONEY of Laen, who has been home on final leave, is 6ft 5in in height, weighs 15st 4lb, and is 23 years of age.

Lance Corporal A.R. LOWE, writing to his parents at Gymbowen under date 13/9/15 describes in an interesting way how he reached the trenches at Gallipoli. He first met Lieutenant W. ROBSON, of Blackheath, who has returned to Australia. Wally COOMBS, a mate, was killed. He writes:- We were sent out on the left on outpost duty, and had to dig ourselves in under fire of Turkish snipers. We lost three men in doing so. We were only twenty men strong when we went out that night. I was told off with eight men to go and get eight sheets of iron for bomb proof shelters and four pieces of timber. We had to go about two miles to get it, through rough and broken country. We got our load, and a heavy one it was too, but that was not the only trouble, for the night was dark and we were not sure of the hill on which we were entrenched, and you know what it is like climbing a steep wooded hill with a sheet of iron on your head. One minute your foot would go down a hole and the next you would go slap bang into a tree with the iron. We kicked up a devil of a noise only fifty yards from the Turks. But we were not sure of the hill so we threw down the iron and climbed up to within thirty yards of the top, then called out "are you the Eighth", but got no answer, so loaded our rifles and went to the top. They were, but could not hear us from the trench. We received orders to dig ourselves in but had scarcely finished when ordered four hours sentry guard.

This is:--
Pte Albert Robert LOWE, 8th Light Horse Regiment.
Enlisted at Horsham on the 26th Sept 1914
Returned to Australia 29th Feb 1916
Discharged medically unfit 14th June 1916
Married Regina Rose WIDDICOMBE 1919
Died 27th Sept 1942

Sergeant Glamalle KHAN, an Indian hawker from Nhill, has gone to the front.

Mr Alex McDONALD dropped an open cheque in Horsham just before bank closing hours. There was time enough however for the dishonest finder to go the bank and cash the cheque.

A man named LAWSON, a half aboriginal, who was breaking in horses at W.J. PELCHEN's farm, Vectis East, stole a gold ring, value 35/ from another employee named Emil JOHINKE. He was fined 1 at the Horsham court for the offence. Sergeant MARTIN said nothing was known against LAWSON except of late he had got in tow with some woman. Is chivalry of no account nowadays.

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